Both general and total fertility rates show an increase in Wakefield over the last 5 years, roughly in line with regional and national trends.
Projecting births is difficult due to the complex and random nature of their occurrence. ONS do provide some basic estimates, but they are extremely rough and lacking accuracy.
Although there have been annual increases in birth counts over the last two decades, Wakefield is expected to maintain an annual birth count of just under 4000 births per annum over the next 20 years, with a margin of error of +/-200.
Birthing & Maternity Statistics
How do we compare?
Each year, around 40,000 young women under 18 become pregnant in England (around 4 inevery 100 young women). The majority of under 18 conceptions are unintended and around half lead to an abortion. Where young women choose to go ahead with the pregnancy,although it is difficult to quantify the exact extent to which teenage pregnancy exacerbates existing problems, they are at greater risk of experiencing a range of poor outcomes. For example:
- Teenage mothers are less likely to finish their education, and more likely to bring up their child alone and in poverty;
- The infant mortality rate for babies born to teenage mothers is 60 per cent higher than for babies born to older mothers;
- Teenage mothers have three times the rate of post-natal depression of older mothers and a higher risk of poor mental health for three years after the birth;
- Children of teenage mothers are generally at increased risk of poverty, low educational attainment, poor housing and poor health, and have lower rates of economic activity in adult life.
Teenage pregnancy is a cause of health inequalities and child poverty. It is important, therefore, for local areas to invest in actions to reduce teenage pregnancy and improve outcomes for teenage parents and their children enabling young people to achieve their potential.
The evidence shows that children born to teenage mothers are more likely to experience a range of negative outcomes in later life and are more likely, in time, to become teenage parents themselves – perpetuating the disadvantage that young parenthood brings from one generation to the next.
Low birth weight is caused by either a short gestation period or retarded intrauterine growth (or a combination of both). There appear to be two leading areas for effective public health intervention in relation to the prevention of low birth weight: Interventions to promote smoking cessation; and nutrition interventions among pregnant women.
Smoking is the major modifiable risk factor contributing to low birth weight. The incidence of low birth weight is twice as high among smokers as non-smokers. Smoking cessation in pregnancy is strongly affected by socio-economic status, with women of lower education, income and employment status far more likely to continue smoking than women from higher SES groups.
Poor maternal nutritional status at conception and inadequate maternal nutrition during pregnancy can result in low birth weight. A number of nutritional factors have an influence on low birth weight, including pre-pregnancy maternal weight, gestational weight gain, energy intake, iron and anaemia.
This dataset contains counts of low birth weight (less than 2500 grams) live births occurring in the calendar year to mothers usually resident in the district.