Social protection encompasses the help provided to those in need or at risk of hardship through the provision of financial assistance and services. Central government departments are responsible for administering the majority of social security benefits. These include payments relating to unemployment, disability allowances, state retirement pension and pension credit. The value of all benefits was around £1,189 million in 2017/18. The State Pension is the single largest item of expenditure, followed by Working Tax Credit and Child Tax Credit (see chart below).
Source: Department for Work and Pensions