Poverty

Index of Multiple Deprivation

As is the case across the country, there are parts of the Wakefield district where more people tend to be poorer, or less healthy, or more likely to be out of work. The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) is calculated for every neighbourhood in England every three or four years, and it combines issues such as income, employment, education, crime and housing.

At the district level Wakefield is the 54th most deprived district in England (out of 317 districts). The IMD 2019 shows that 54,200 people in the district are living in neighbourhoods amongst the top-10% most deprived in England. This is 16% of the district’s population, a slight increase on the position in 2015 (14%). The geography of multiple deprivation is shown below.

The district’s deprivation profile is shaped by high levels of education and skills deprivation and crime deprivation appears to have increased significantly since the IMD 2015. The District's income deprivation has changed little, but health deprivation has shown some improvement relative to elsewhere in England.

Analysis of the IMD 2019 shows that deprivation relative to elsewhere in England has stayed the same for 72% of neighbourhoods. For 28% of neighbourhoods the relative deprivation has become worse and one neighbourhood improved.

The Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) measures the proportion of all children aged 0 to 15 living in income deprived families. It is a subset of the Income Deprivation Domain which measures the proportion of the population in an area experiencing deprivation relating to low income. The definition of low income used includes both those people that are out-of-work, and those that are in work but who have low earnings (and who satisfy the respective means tests).

  • IDACI 2019 ranks Wakefield as the 75th most deprived local authority in England (out of 317 areas).
  • 8,190 children aged 0-15 years in Wakefield are estimated as living in neighbourhoods that are amongst the top 10% most deprived in England, this is 13% of the district’s population in this age group.

The Income Deprivation Affecting Older People Index (IDAOPI) measures the proportion of all those aged 60 or over who experience income deprivation. It is a subset of the Income Deprivation Domain which measures the proportion of the population in an area experiencing deprivation relating to low income. The definition of low income used includes both those people that are out-of-work, and those that are in work but who have low earnings (and who satisfy the respective means tests).

  • IDAOPI 2019 ranks Wakefield as the 108th most deprived local authority in England (out of 317 areas).
  • 2,029 older people, aged 60 years and over in Wakefield are estimated as living in neighbourhoods that are amongst the top 10% most deprived in England, this is 2% of the district’s population in this age group.

Fuel Poverty

It is estimated that in 2017 there were 13,830 households in living in fuel poverty - 9.5% of all households. A household is considered to be fuel-poor when its required fuel costs are above average and which, if spent, would leave the household with an income below the official poverty line. The authors caution against using the data to assess trends over time, so the chart below should be considered as an indication only. Across the region the fuel poverty rate in 2017 was higher, at 10.6% of households.

Other resources