A disability is a physical or mental condition that limits a person’s movements, senses, or activities. It can be a permanent injury, illness or health problem which tends to be restricting in some way, and has a substantial effect on a persons’ daily life.

Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations.

Disability is thus not just a health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives. Overcoming the difficulties faced by people with disabilities requires interventions to remove environmental and social barriers.

People with disabilities have the same health needs as non-disabled people – for immunisation, cancer screening etc. They also may experience a narrower margin of health, both because of poverty and social exclusion, and also because they may be vulnerable to secondary conditions, such as pressure sores or urinary tract infections. Evidence suggests that people with disabilities face barriers in accessing the health and rehabilitation services they need in many settings.

Recording Primary Support Reasons allows information to be available locally and nationally on the needs of individuals.  All our social care service users are assigned to a primary support reason and we have to report against these categories for our key statutory returns.

Service users in receipt of long term support care managed by Wakefield Council
Latest figures below in terms of the numbers of adult social care service users (long term) supported by the Council broken down into the primary support reasons:

The Population

The table below shows the Wakefield population aged 18-64 predicted to have impaired mobility, by age, projected to 2023.








Source: POPPI.org.uk and PANSI.org.uk, 2019

Prevalence data

Whilst we can only provide specific information on disabilities of people we are care managing and providing services for; there are other sources of information in terms of estimated prevalence for disabilities of people within the district in general.

Projecting Older People Population Information (POPPI), and Projecting Adult Needs and Service Information (PANSI) are used for exploring the possible impact that demography and certain conditions may have on specific populations:
POPPI – aged 65 and over, and
PANSI – aged 18 to 64.


Comparing Wakefield to other LA’s and England.
The below demonstrates the current position in Wakefield in relation to our Yorkshire and Humber neighbours across several of the key disability indicators. Wakefield is currently similar than the England average for many indicators (those indicators coloured yellow).
You can click on the “trends” option below to explore the trends in the various measures.
You can use the “Geography version” dropdown to see different indicators.




Source: Public Health England

Service Provision

You should contact Social Care Direct first if you or someone you know appears to need adult social care services in Wakefield. Social Care Direct will make an assessment by asking questions over the phone. This gives the customer service adviser all relevant information to consider the help you might need.

Telephone: 0345 8 503 503.
Fax: 01924 303455
Minicom: 01924 303450 (type talk welcome)
Email: social_care_direct@wakefield.gov.uk


Information on how to access adult social care services and what services are available
Wakefield Councils’ Adults & Older Peoples Services
In particular some useful links within here to:

  • Social Care Direct
  • Care needs assessment
  • Older People
  • Long Term Conditions

Disability under the Equality Act 2010, can be found on the Gov.uk website:


Primary Support Reason

The Primary Support Reason describes why the individual requires social care support; the primary disability / impairment impacting on the individual’s quality of life and creating a need for support and assistive care. The primary support reason should be identified and recorded at the point of assessment, and then any changes recorded during subsequent reviews. Examples and descriptions of the Primary Support Reason categories are provided earlier within this framework.

Disability, under the Equality Act 2010

You’re disabled under the Equality Act 2010 if you have a physical or mental impairment that has a ‘substantial’ and ‘long-term’ negative effect on your ability to do normal daily activities.
•‘substantial’ is more than minor or trivial, eg it takes much longer than it usually would to complete a daily task like getting dressed.
•‘long-term’ means 12 months or more, eg a breathing condition that develops as a result of a lung infection.