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Deprivation

What is it?

Deprivation covers a broad range of issues that may affect an individual’s health and wellbeing because they have unmet needs caused by a lack of resources, not just financial.

The Indices of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) is a commonly used dataset that allows comparison of deprivation levels for small areas across the country. It is published by the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG) and is updated periodically, the latest version, IMD 2015 was published in September 2015.

IMD 2015 gives an overall measure of deprivation experienced by people living in each small area in England. The small areas used are Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs), a standard way of dividing up areas. On average there are around 1,500 people living in each LSOA, approximately 650 households. The overall deprivation measure is calculated by combing data from seven domains of deprivation, 37 indicators are used across the domains. The seven deprivation domains are; income, employment, education, skills and training, health and disability, crime, barriers to housing and services and living environment.

Wakefield”'”s Position

  • IMD 2015 ranks Wakefield as the 65th most deprived local authority in England (out of 326 areas), in 2010 Wakefield was ranked as the 67th most deprived area in England.
  • 40,855 people in Wakefield are estimated as living in neighbourhoods that are amongst the top 10% most deprived in England, this is 14% of the district’s population. In 2010 there were 40,459 people in the district living in the most deprived areas in England, (12.5% of the population).

The map below shows the LSOAs in Wakefield, grouped into quintiles by the levels of deprivation. The quintiles have been calculated by ranking the LSOAs from most deprived to least deprived and dividing them into five equal groups. These range from the most deprived 20% of areas in Wakefield to the least deprived 20%.imd-2015

Other measures

The Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) measures the proportion of all children aged 0 to 15 living in income deprived families. It is a subset of the Income Deprivation Domain which measures the proportion of the population in an area experiencing deprivation relating to low income. The definition of low income used includes both those people that are out-of-work, and those that are in work but who have low earnings (and who satisfy the respective means tests).

  • IDACI 2015 ranks Wakefield as the 84th most deprived local authority in England (out of 326 areas).
  • 4,865 children aged 0-15 years in Wakefield are estimated as living in neighbourhoods that are amongst the top 10% most deprived in England, this is 13% of the district’s population in this age group.

 

The Income Deprivation Affecting Older People Index (IDAOPI) measures the proportion of all those aged 60 or over who experience income deprivation. It is a subset of the Income Deprivation Domain which measures the proportion of the population in an area experiencing deprivation relating to low income. The definition of low income used includes both those people that are out-of-work, and those that are in work but who have low earnings (and who satisfy the respective means tests).

    • IDAOPI 2015 ranks Wakefield as the 104th most deprived local authority in England (out of 326 areas).
    • 2,479 older people, aged 60 years and over in Wakefield are estimated as living in neighbourhoods that are amongst the top 10% most deprived in England, this is 3% of the district’s population in this age group.

Publications

English Indices of Deprivation 2015 – related documentation
Wakefield HEA (2010)
Wakefield HEA Key Points (2010)
Health Inequalities Gap Analysis v4 (2011)