Childhood Obesity

 Headlines

            • Childhood obesity in increasing in Wakefield.
            • Today, in England, nearly a third of children aged 2 to 15 are overweight or obese.
            •  Globally, the younger generation are becoming obese at earlier stages and staying obese for longer.
            • 20.5% of Year 6 children (10 to 11 years old) in Wakefield are classified as obese, and 35.5% are carrying excess weight.
            •  10.5% of Year Reception children (4 to 5 years old) in Wakefield are classified as obese, and 23.9% are carrying excess weight.

In the UK, the height and weight of primary school age children in Year Reception and Year Six is measured as part of the National Child Measurement Program (NCMP). The NCMP is part of the government’s obesity strategy and is a robust source of information on childhood obesity to tackle the epidemic of obesity in the UK.

The Population

Whether a child is overweight or obese is determined by the child’s BMI (body mass index), a ratio based the child’s height and weight for their age. Obesity is, at root, caused by an energy imbalance; energy intake through the diet exceeding the amount of energy used through physical activity. For more information on diet and nutrition in children, visit the Diet and Nutrition in children page. For additional information on physical activity, visit the Physical Activity in children page. Children who are overweight or obese according to their BMI are classified as ‘carrying excess weight’. Childhood obesity is associated with a number of different problems; children who are overweight throughout childhood are more likely to become obese adults and develop diseases including diabetes and cardiovascular disease at a younger age. Childhood obesity is also associated with a higher chance of premature death and disability in adulthood. Obesity is preventable, and by preventing it early in childhood it means that some of the complex problems that arise as a result of obesity can be minimised in early adulthood and beyond. In Wakefield. around 21% of 11 to 12 year olds are classified as obese/very overweight and around 11% of 4 to 5 year olds, compared t0 20% and 10% nationally.

The Inequality

Generally, across England, obesity rates are highest for children from the most deprived areas. Wakefield follows this trend less closely, with large amounts of variation between obesity levels and deprivation. However, there is a distinct gender difference between obesity rates in boys and girls and also distinct differences between schools.

 

There are also differences in the pattern of obesity across electoral wards in Wakefield district, however the patterns are different between Year Reception and Year Six children. Knottingley is the only electoral ward which stands out as having a very high prevalence of excess weight in both Year Six and Year Reception children.

For Reception children, Knottingley and Hemsworth stand out as the two wards with the highest prevalence of excess weight (30.6% and 30.1% respectively). This is much higher than national average (22.6%). The wards with the lowest prevalence of excess weight are Wakefield East (19.9%) and Crofton, Ryhill and Walton (20.7%).

 

For Year 6  children, South Elmsall and South Kirkby and Knottingley are the two wards with the highest prevalence of excess weight (43.8% and 41.4% respectively). This is significantly higher than the average prevalence of excess weight in England (34.2%).  The wards with the lowest prevalence of excess weight are Featherstone (31.9%) and Horbury and South Ossett (29.8%).

  • Community assets

  • Publications and resources

Read the Public Health England report on weight status of school age children in England

Read a report on the NCMP data for Wakefield here

Download the full NCMP infographic