Children

Population

The population of young children aged 0-19 in Wakefield is 76,388, this is 23.2% of the total population and is slightly lower than the national proportion of 23.8% . The population of children and young people in Wakefield is not evenly distributed; Wakefield Central, South East, Castleford and Normanton and Featherstone have higher than average proportions of their population aged 0-19, compared to the average for Wakefield. In terms of actual numbers, Wakefield North West has the largest number of children and young people, with over 14,000 living in this area. The population of children and young people aged 0-19 is expected to increase by 5.3% to 80,000 by 2025 .

Detailed information on population estimates and projections is available on the JSNA website, under the people section:
http://www.wakefieldjsna.co.uk/demography/resident-population/

Ethnicity

Wakefield has a relatively small but growing ethnic minority population. In 2001, 3.3% of the population described their ethnicity as other than White British; in the 2011 Census this proportion increased to 7.2% (23,739). The largest ethnic group is ‘Other White’ and the largest group born outside the UK is people born in Poland. Wakefield Central has the highest proportion of its population from minority ethnic groups; 21.6% (9,693) of the population living in Wakefield Central are from minority ethnic groups. Wakefield Rural has the second highest proportion, with 6.4% of the population being from minority ethnic groups.

Births

On average there are around 4,000 births each year in Wakefield. The general fertility rate (GFR) is the number of births in a given year divided by the number of women aged 15-44 multiplied by a 1,000. It allows comparisons to be made between areas. The GFR in Wakefield (64.5 in 2013) is significantly higher than the rates for England (62.4) and the region (61.9). Although there has been a slight increase in the number of births each year, Wakefield is expected to maintain an annual birth count of around 4,000 over the next 20 years.

More information on births is available on the JSNA website, under the people section:
http://www.wakefieldjsna.co.uk/demography/births/

Deprivation

The indices of multiple deprivation (IMD) is a national dataset that considers a number of issues such as income, employment, education, crime, housing and health and provides a framework for assessing deprivation at local authority and lower super output area (LSOA). It’s produced every three to four years; the latest version (IMD 2010) was released in 2011.

IMD 2010 shows Wakefield is the 67th most deprived district in England (out of 326 districts); in 2007 Wakefield was ranked 66th out of 354 authorities. 40,459 people in the district are estimated as living in neighbourhoods that are amongst the top 10% most deprived in England. This is 12.5% of the district’s population.

More information on deprivation is available on the JSNA website, under the inequality section:
http://www.wakefieldjsna.co.uk/overall-measures/deprivation/

Child poverty

Child poverty is an important issue; evidence suggests that childhood poverty leads to premature mortality and poor health outcomes later in life . Poverty is described as being more than about income; it’s about a lack of opportunity, aspiration and stability . In 2012, there were 14,015 children aged under 20 years who were living in poverty, this is almost 20% of children. Child poverty is significantly higher in Wakefield than the England average (18.6%), not surprising considering that Wakefield is the 67th most deprived district. The definition of child poverty is the percentage of all dependent children under 20 years in relative poverty (living in households where the income is less than 60% of the median household income before housing costs).

More information on deprivation is available on the JSNA website, under the people section:
http://www.wakefieldjsna.co.uk/children-2/

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