- Alcohol consumption is increasing in the District
- Alcohol mortality is increasing in the District
- Alcohol related admission is increasing in the District
There are over 10 million people in England drinking at levels which increase their risk of health harm. Of these, 1.9 million were drinking at high-risk levels. In 2015/16 there were 1.1 million estimated hospital admissions related to alcohol consumption.
Over the past five to 10 years, alcohol consumption has been declining. Fewer people report binge drinking and the proportion of adults abstaining from alcohol is increasing, particularly for those aged under 25 years. However, those aged 55-64 were the most likely to be drinking at higher or increasing risk levels.
Alcohol affects both the child and adult population. Wakefield is seeing a change in the age of the adult drinking population, this is the same as the national picture. Fewer younger people are binge drinking; the latest data shows those aged under 19 have closed the gap between number of young people binge drinking in Wakefield district and the national average. This is not the case for those over 18, with rising trends in admissions from alcohol related conditions for those aged over 40, 40-64 and 66.
The below demonstrates the rising trend in Wakefield for deaths from alcohol specific conditions.
In England, alcohol is now the leading risk factor for ill-health, early mortality and disability among those aged 15 to 49 and the fifth leading risk factor for ill-health across all age groups. The public health burden of alcohol is wide ranging, relating to health, social or economic harms. The estimated economic cost of alcohol in England is around £21 billion, this includes costs associated with alcohol-related health disorders, crime and anti-social behaviour, loss of productivity in the workplace and problems for those who misuse alcohol and their families, including domestic violence
This pattern is mirrored for the admissions information, specifically for the narrow and broad definitions of alcohol related. nationally we have seen an increase in this patterns, however the rate of increase has been greater and a statistically significant gap is present.
Its worth noting that the burden in men, whilst a higher rate, is beginning to plateau or in certain measures beginning to fall in the district. This is not the case for women, for alcohol related admissions there is a particularly rise in female admissions.
As with smokers, those who are more deprived and those in routine and manual occupations are more likely to drink heavily. A recent emerging trend is an increase in those from more wealthy backgrounds beginning to drink harmfully.
The highest rates of alcohol consumption are in the least deprived areas. Those from lower socioeconomic groups report lower levels of average consumption than those from more affluent populations; but they experience greater alcohol-related harm. People of lower socioeconomic status are more likely to die or suffer from alcohol-related disease and almost half (47%) of all hospital admissions occur in the lowest three socioeconomic groups.
Alcohol related admissions show a very steep slope indicating again a high correlation with areas of deprivation. The majority of the district showing levels above the England average.
- Harmful or hazardous drinking is more prevalent amongst those who are unemployed, approximately 29.2% for men and 16.9% for women, although this is likely to be an underestimate when compared with the national figures (Lifestyle Survey – Alcohol Analysis, 2009).
- Alcohol related hospital admissions increase as deprivation increases, showing a strong relationship between alcohol use and deprivation. The majority of areas in the District have levels above the England average.
For those who are worried they might be drinking too much, free, confidential support and treatment is available at Inspiring Recovery. The service operates from three main hubs – Wakefield city centre, Castleford and South Kirkby, as well as having satellite sites across the district.
Telephone: 0300 123 1912 or email: Wakefield-IR@turning-point.co.uk for advice and information or alternatively visit their website at: http://wellbeing.turning-point.co.uk/wakefield/contact-us/
Alcohol Liaison Service
The Alcohol Liaison Service is based at Pinderfields General Hospital, Wakefield, supporting patients presenting to hospital who may have alcohol-related problems.
For further information visit http://spectrumhealth.org.uk/substance-misuse/alcohol-liaison-service/
GASPED offers information, advice, help and support for the parents, partners, families and carers who care for or are affected by a loved one’s drug and/or alcohol misuse. The service offers a 24-hour confidential helpline – 0845 146 0002. Further details can be found at: http://www.gasped.org.uk/
Wakefield Young People’s Drug & Alcohol Service
This service is a drug and alcohol service for young people aged 18 and under which provides free, friendly and confidential support for young people who are worried about their drug and/or alcohol use.
Telephone: 01924 831114.
Further information and resources are available below;
Public Health England, 2016. The Public Health Burden of Alcohol and the Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Alcohol Control Policies: An evidence review here
National Statistics. Statistics on Alcohol. England, 2017. here