Accidents and Injuries

Headlines

  • Wakefield has extremely high rates of hospital admissions caused by unintentional and deliberate injuries in adults.
  • The rate of hospital admissions due to injuries in young people (15-24) in Wakefield is the highest out of all local authorities in England.
  • The rate of admission episodes for alcohol-related unintentional injuries in Wakefield is the second highest out of all local authorities in England.
  • The rate of emergency hospital admissions for self-harm in Wakefield is significantly higher than the national average.

The Population

Injuries are a leading cause of hospitalisation and represent a major cause of premature mortality and long-term health issues, including mental health. The rate of hospital admissions due to unintentional and deliberate injuries in Wakefield are among some of the highest in the country, especially in younger people.

The Challenges

In 2017/18, there was a rate of 284.4 hospital admissions due to injuries per 10,000 population aged 15-24, equating to around 1,021 admissions. This was the highest rate in England, at more than double the national average, and a large increase from the previous year.

Wakefield has also seen a large increase in admission episodes for alcohol-related unintentional injuries in recent years, particularly among men. The rate of these admissions was the highest regionally, at 225.4 per 100,000 men, compared to an average of 154.2 in the Yorkshire and the Humber region (2017/18).

The mortality rate from injuries in people aged under 75 is also above the national and regional averages and has seen a slight rise from the previous period, most notably in women. Despite being high, the number of emergency admissions due to falls in people 80+ is lower than the national and regional averages.

 

Source: Public Health Outcomes Framework

Within Wakefield, the top cause of admissions due to accidents and injuries is falls across almost all age groups (2016/17-2018/19). However, when looking at 18-24 year olds, this becomes ‘strikes, crushes and jams’ and intentional self-poisoning. Intentional self-poisoning is also the second most common cause of admissions among 35-44 year olds. Explore the causes of accidents across different age groups by using the filters on the chart below.

Source: NHS Digital HES Data

The Inequality

Rates of accidents and injuries vary across the district. Typically, they are higher in more deprived areas and lower in less deprived areas. Wakefield East appears to have a particularly high rate of accidents and injuries across almost all age groups, whilst Wakefield Rural is consistently below the district average.

Source: NHS Digital HES Data

Source: NHS Digital HES Data

The types of accidents also vary across the district. Assaults and intentional self-poisonings are generally higher in more deprived areas of the district, whilst ‘strikes, crushes and jams’ and transport-related accidents are more evenly spread throughout the district. Explore variations in the district by using the filters on the chart below. The lines indicate the Wakefield average value for the relevant age bands, time periods and causes.

Source: NHS Digital HES Data

Community Assets

Click on the link below to explore community assets on a map.

Link to community assets map